The Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary is essentially a contemplative prayer, which requires “tranquility of rhythm or even a mental lingering which encourages the faithful to meditate on the mysteries.”
The Mysteries of the Rosary are:
The Joyful Mysteries
- Jesus with the Doctors
The Sorrowful Mysteries
- Agony in the Garden
- Scourging at the Pillar
- Crowning with Thorns
- Carrying the Cross
The Glorious Mysteries
- Descent of the Holy Ghost on the Apostles and Our Lady
- Assumption of Our Lady into Heaven
- The Coronation of Our Lady as Queen of Heaven and the glory of all the Saints
Traditionally, a pious custom assigns the different parts of the Rosary to different days of the week.
The Joyful Mysteries are honoured on Mondays and Thursdays throughout the year, and on all Sundays from the First of Advent to the first of Lent.
The Sorrowful Mysteries are honoured on Tuesdays and Fridays throughout the year, and on Sundays of Lent.
The Glorious Mysteries are honoured on Wednesdays and Saturdays throughout the year, and on all Sundays from Easter to Advent.
The Prayers of the Rosary
Said on the individual bead before each decade
Pater noster, quie es in cœlis, sanctificétur nomen tuum. Advéniat regnum tuum. Fiat volúntas tua, sicut in cœlo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidiánum da nobis hódie. Et dimítte nobis débita nostra, sicut et nos dimíttimus debitóribus nostris. Et ne nos indúcas in tentatiónem: sed líbera nos a malo. Amen.
Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven: Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
The Angelical Salutation
Said on the ten small beads when meditating on each Mystery of the Rosary
Ave María, grátia plena, Dóminus tecum; benedícta tu in muliéribus, et benedícuts fructus ventris tui, Jesus. Sancta María, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatóribus, nunc et in hora mortis nostræ. Amen.
Hail, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the Fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
The “Gloria Patri”
Said on the individual bead after each decade and before the “Fatima Prayer”, before saying the Lord’s prayer and continuing with the next Mystery.
Gloria Patri, et Fílio, et Spirítui Sancto. Sicut erat in princípio et nunc et semper et in sæcula sæculórum. Amen.
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
It is traditional to say the following prayer after completing the meditation on each Mystery.
O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of Hell. Lead all souls to heaven, especially those most in need of thy mercy.